Born in 1908, Lyndon Johnson was John F. Kennedy’s running mate in 1960 and was elected Vice President. He became the 36th President of the United States after Kennedy’s assassination and was re elected President in 1964. Although he is chiefly remembered for expanding U.S. involvement in the Vietman War, Johnson was also responsible for a number of social reform projects in education, civil rights and voting rights. He also instituted health care initiatives such as Medicare and Medicaid during his presidency.
Prior to his presidential terms, Johnson was a Texas Congressman in the U.S. House of Representatives for 12 years, and then another 12 years representing Texas in the Senate. During his congressional career, he was known for his commanding personality and ability to gain the support of other prominent legislators. The latter years of his presidency were marked by decreasing popularity, as a result of racial riots and the Vietnam War.